Docker est une solution libre de virtualisation par conteneurs logiciels. Il utilise la technologie de virtualisation LXC (Linux Containers). Ici nous allons l’installer sous CentOS 7.

Mise à jour du système

yum update

Installation des paquets epel

yum update epel-release

Installation de Docker

yum install docker-io

Vérification de la version

docker -v

Quelques commandes Docker

attach    Attach to a running container
build     Build an image from a Dockerfile
commit    Create a new image from a container's changes
cp        Copy files/folders between a container and the local filesystem
create    Create a new container
diff      Inspect changes on a container's filesystem
events    Get real time events from the server
exec      Run a command in a running container
export    Export a container's filesystem as a tar archive
history   Show the history of an image
images    List images
import    Import the contents from a tarball to create a filesystem image
info      Display system-wide information
inspect   Return low-level information on a container or image
kill      Kill a running container
load      Load an image from a tar archive or STDIN
login     Register or log in to a Docker registry
logout    Log out from a Docker registry
logs      Fetch the logs of a container
network   Manage Docker networks
pause     Pause all processes within a container
port      List port mappings or a specific mapping for the CONTAINER
ps        List containers
pull      Pull an image or a repository from a registry
push      Push an image or a repository to a registry
rename    Rename a container
restart   Restart a container
rm        Remove one or more containers
rmi       Remove one or more images
run       Run a command in a new container
save      Save an image(s) to a tar archive
search    Search the Docker Hub for images
start     Start one or more stopped containers
stats     Display a live stream of container(s) resource usage statistics
stop      Stop a running container
tag       Tag an image into a repository
top       Display the running processes of a container
unpause   Unpause all processes within a container
update    Update resources of one or more containers
version   Show the Docker version information
volume    Manage Docker volumes
wait      Block until a container stops, then print its exit code